Thursday, November 28, 2019
4 Myth Theories There are four basic theories of myth. Those theories are: the rational myth theory, functional myth theory, structural myth theory, and the phsycological myth theory. The rational myth theory states that myths were created to explain natural events and forces. Functional myths are what you call the kinds of myths that were created as a type of social control. The third myth theory is the structural myth theory. This theory says that myths were patterned after human mind and human nature. The phsycological myth theory is the fourth myth theory which states that myths are based on human emotion. The rational myth theory states that myths were made to better understand natural events and forces that occurred in the everyday lives of people. This theory also explains that the gods and goddesses controlled all of these happenings of nature. Examples of this type of myth are creation myths from different cultures. Creation myths explain how man was created and explain what the gods and goddesses used and what actions they took to create humans. These myths also tell what substances were used (if any) in order for man to exist. The existence of man is a natural event but creation myths give other explanations. The functional myth theory talks about how myths were used to teach morality and social behavior. It states that myths told about what types of things should and shouldnt be done, and the consequences for those wrong doings. The functional myth theory also states that myths were created for social control and served the function of insuring stability in a society. A story about a tribe who rebelled against the great serpent, Degei, is a good example of a functional myth. This story is about a tribe who learned many skills from their great serpent god, Degei, and then became Degeis workers and servants. Two chiefs of this tribe were sick of working for him and tried to defeat him; they were too weak for Degei. Instead of winning their freedom, they were killed in a great flood caused by Degei. This myth is trying to say that you should not be lazy because if you are, then you will regret it. Structural myths are said to be myths based on human emotion. These types of myths show the two sides of the human mind; the good side and the bad side. They show the divided self and the duality of human nature. Myths about Hercules show how the human mind can be both good and bad. Hercules did both good and bad things. One of the bad things he did was (in Jason and the Argonauts) he stole a broach pin from the treasure chamber of the god Talos. This sin caused his friend to be killed. Hercules knew that his friend was killed because of his sin, so to make up for it, he vowed to stay on the island until his friend was found. The phsycological myth theory states how myths are based on human emotion and that they come from the human subconscious mind. Cultures all around the world had similar fears, questions, and wishes which, to them, were unexplainable. That is the reason that phsycological myths were made; and that is why there are archetypes shared between cultures. Archetypes are general forms and characters used by all cultures. Some archetypes found between cultures are having a sky god (Zeus and Oleron),a sea god (Poseidon and Olokun), and an agricultural god (Orisha-Oko and Demeter). These archetypes are examples of how people think alike when it comes to things that are to them mysteries and fears. In conclusion, it appears that man created myths for quite a few reasons. These reasons include explaining the unknown, natural events and forces, to show the duality and pureness of human nature and the human mind, and to help societies maintain order and remain stable. There must be more reasons of exactly why myths should have arisen but that is beyond the extent of this essay. Mythology
Sunday, November 24, 2019
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism essays Federalism is one way that governments choose to solve the problem of governing large populations and/or diverse cultures. Federalism works by dividing its authority and responsibility, as opposed to a unitary government, in which the central government controls everything. Examples of federalism operating successfully include the United States, One advantage of federalism is that by allowing the central government to delegate many government functions to states or provinces, it has more time to focus on world issues and policies. With such a system in place, the state governments can focus on local responsibilities, which works better because state and local representatives are closer to the issues and problems that affect their population. In addition, it is impractical for a national government to assume it can have one central location; the government can not cover large areas of geography nor can it keep up with population growth. As a result, federalism brings the government closer to the people because the people have easier access to local officials and they also have a greater influence on how local governments govern. Disadvantages of a federal system include the division among subcultures. When individuals of the same mind become concentrated in one area, problems erupt that demand intervention from the federal government. For example, the South generated a strong subculture, which lead to the Civil War. In addition, a single party can sometimes dominate local governments, they seem to block progress at times, and they are more open to corruption. (73) While certainly local governments have the potential to become corrupt and dominating, the advantages and results gained from using federalism as a means of governing prove to be the most successful. ...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Followership - Research Paper Example They eagerly take up extra work but at first they perform an extraordinary work in their core responsibilities. They prove themselves to be good judges of their own powers and flaws and are able to contribute well to the team (Johnson, 2009). If they know that they can succeed well they donÃ¢â¬â¢t mind coming across failures. They keep on searching for problems that remained unnoticed. They tend to see their coworkers as colleagues instead of thinking them to be entrants. An effective follower must possess certain qualities such as; they are capable of managing themselves well, they tend to be courageous, innovative and honest and dedicated towards organization (Kupers, 2007). Self management is another ability of an effective follower Ã¢â¬â the ability to work efficiently without being under any supervision. Good followers are those people to whom the leaders can entrust responsibilities. Good followers possess quality to see themselves as equals of the leaders they follow. They are liable to disagree unapologetically with leadership and are not likely to be overawed by the organizational structure. Ineffective followers on the other hand are prepared to obey others unquestioningly, dither between distresses over their powerlessness and make an attempt to juggle leaders to fulfill their own purposes (Yung, 2013). Their fear of powerlessness becomes a self fulfilling prognosis for the individual as well as the work group. Or their hostility drags them to undermine the goals of an organization. A significant cost advantage is received by an organization where there exists a self managed manager. There is a major role of followers towards organizational prosperity. Followers are believed to be furnished with complex thinking and innovative skills which if contributed to an organization can drive it towards success. People initiate in an organization as a follower. Followers tend to process good ideas and vision which they need to sell to
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
The Importance of Marketing for Business Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words
The Importance of Marketing for Business - Essay Example But NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing success has more to it than just promotional hype. Nike gives its customers far more than just good sports gear. They make sure the customer doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t just wear his Nikes, he experiences it. Nike doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t just market sports shoes or athletic wear; it markets a way of life (Kotler). The Nike examples proves that through smart and innovative marketing businesses can create value for customers, build strong customer relationships and capture value from them in return. The importance of marketing to businesses: Helps businesses create value for customers: Marketing helps a business in creating value for its customers. Most companies today implement customer driven marketing strategies which allow them to create value for target customers. The process can be better understood through the following diagram: 1 Companies today identify and select marketing segments, develop products and marketing programs targeted to each and focus on the buyers who hav e more interest in the values that they create the best. They then decide on a value proposition by differentiating the market offering and positioning it in the minds of the target customers. Helps businesses create lasting relationships: The customer relationship management part of marketing is about maintaining and building profitable business relationships by delivering superior customer value and satisfaction. Just as companies are being very choosy about which customers to serve, they are serving the chosen customers in a more lasting way. Marketing today has become an art of finding, retaining and multiplying profitable customers Relating Directly: Apart from helping companies connect more deeply with their customers, marketing also helps companies connect to customers more directly. It helps customers buy virtually everything without going to a store through telephone, online, mail order catalogs etc. In fact, such has been the success of direct marketing that some companies such as Dell only use the direct channel to sell their products (Kotler). Social CRM: Marketing also helps businesses build strong, lasting and profitable relationships with customers through social media. The benefits that businesses achieve by effective use of social media are: 1. By effective use of social media companies can quickly build a network of core customers and supporters (Richardson). The feedback that loyal customers can provide is extremely valuable to businesses and can sometimes lead to major improvements in how a business offers a product or a service. Networks of loyal followers such as these can also help the company find new customers by referring the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s product or service to others if they are pleased with what they have found. 2. Social media also helps a company attract more traffic to its website. The more traffic the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s website continually obtains, the higher its ranking grows amongst the search engines (Richardson). High ranki ng with the search engines, in turn, helps the company attain better online exposure and visibility. More traffic to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s website also helps the company spread information about new products and services quicker 3. Apart from attracting useful feedback social
Sunday, November 17, 2019
MARKETING ISSUE - Essay Example These products cut an edge over the competitors in the value of technology used. Apple Company identifies whether or not it is effective in developing new products, and what impacts they have on the market. For example, this has been done through the inclusion of improvised features that the competitors have yet to develop. An example is the use of iMessage, and iCloud, which allows the users to save data through its cloud computing services. The data may include music files and video footage for download to multiple devices (Fifield, 2007). This innovative feature gives them an edge over rivals such as Motorola, Nokia, and BlackBerry. Moreover, the company has gone ahead to use intellectual rights on the product. This includes patent rights. It right protects the product from being used by other competitors or from competitors developing a similar product. For the company to acquire a large market share and increase their sales, the company has emphasized on the use of this technique of innovation to its current market status (Schnaars,
Friday, November 15, 2019
Effect Of Temperature On Plasma Membrane Red Cabbage The major model associated with this experiment is the fluid plasma membrane structure. It is a phospholipid bilayer, where has hydrophilic (polar) head and hydrophobic (non-polar) tail (Pickering, 2000). As non-polar tail does not dissolve in water, that structure controls the function, by making a barrier between two aqueous environments and selectively controlling the materials movement into or out of the membrane. Pickering (2000) said that due to the different solubility properties of the two side of phospholipid, large molecules and aqueous containing ions can not pass the membrane freely. Small and uncharged molecules, like water and oxygen, can go across by passive diffusion. Diffusion is an automatic and passive process where molecules and ions dissolved in water move randomly from high concentration region to lower one and no energy is required. Fluidity is another essential property of a membrane, lipid composition includes unsaturated fatty acids and participates in incre asing membrane fluidity. Proteins makes up a massive proportion of the membrane approximately exceeds 50% (Raven Johnson, 2008a). proteins are primarily employed for the materials movement control. Protein channels and carrier proteins are favorable for ions and large molecules transportation, particularly, from low concentration to higher one against gradient. In addition, denaturation will happen to protein if the environmental temperature increases to a high degree (Raven Johnson, 2008b). The change of unfolded structure and distortion can ensue. All of the properties of the plasma membrane will determine results of this experiment. The main pigment of red cabbage is anthocyanins which makes the body appears purple (IHW, 2003). The pigments are found in the vacuole, which is surrounded by plasma membrane called the toroplast. The membranes have approximately 68% proteins have similar structure to cell membrane and prevent the pigments leaving the cell (Marty Branton, 1980). Method Apparatus 7 test tubes Cork borer Thermometer Small beaker Large beaker Mounted needle Burner Tripod Gauze Sample: red cabbage Procedure Firstly, fresh red cabbage tissues were cut into discs with almost same shape (approximately 3 mm wide) by cork borer. After 42 red cabbage discs were collected, they were washed with water in a small beaker. Then 7 test tubes were labeled 30Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, 40Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, 50Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, 60Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, 70Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, 78Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ and 97Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ. The same amount of water was added to each tube. Meanwhile a large beaker with about 200cm3 water was heated, using burner, tripod and gauze. A thermometer was used to measure temperature of each tube. 6 red cabbage discs were impaled together on a mounted needle, then put in the large beaker when the water inside reached 60Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ (the beaker was preheated to 50Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ). After 1 minute in the water bath, 6 red cabbage discs were dropped into the test tube labeled 60Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ then the tube was removed to a rack. This process was repeated until finishing the tube labeled 97Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ. The 4 test tubes were shaken and observed their colour. The discs were left into the tubes until the end of this experiment. Finally, the temperature of water in big beaker was waited to decrease to 50Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, 40Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ and 30Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ successively in order to rework following correct process. Discussing The results are out of expectations that the colour of the solution gets darker as the temperature increases. The observations suggest that the leakage of pigment from the red cabbage was at 70Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, precisely in the range between 60Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ and 70Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ. Afterwards, the leakage continued to 100Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, however, the colour of solution was not consequently darker. From 30Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ to 50Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, the colour of both samples and solution did not change at all. The plasma membrane under this condition is likely to be functional and available for the control of materials movement. The temperature may sustain the cooperation of all the composition of membrane. As a consequence, there was little noticeable change in the external solution at these temperatures. These result can roughly help to infer that high temperature (may be 65Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ) is likely to denature proteins in membrane structure or to allow pigments (large molecules) to go across uncontrollably. Around this temperature, energy may be given to the plasma membrane, molecules including water molecule consequently collide more actively and strongly. Similarly, lipid becomes more active as energy is added allowing activation energies for active transportation and the whole phospholipid bilayer therefore increases in fluidity. As a result, the rate of materials transportation tends to rise. Proteins within the membrane are also influenced substances. Although they can withstand slightly higher temperature, once they are heated intensely their structure will decomposed to become unfolded and then destroyed (Raven Johnson, 2008b). Since proteins make up a massive proportion of permeable membrane (Marty Branton, 1980), the destruction of them can result in the formation of large holes in the membrane. Therefore, the ruined membrane of the cell and the vacuole can not control materials movement as usual, and begin to leak the anthocyanins pigments from red cabbage to outer environme nt. Actually, its colour is not obviously dark and did not became darker from 70Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ to 100Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ. One crucial factor that may cause this phenomenon may be that the sample were placed in the water for excessive time (an example of not following the instructions carefully) so that the pigments were released during this period. As a consequence, there are not sufficient pigments present in the test tubes. Another possibility is that proteins in the membrane were completely denatured and destroyed; the pigments were therefore totally released at these temperature. Pigments in plant cells seem not to be so temperature sensitive. IHW (2003) said that the colour anthocyanin pigments is changed by different PH. They can sustain under not so high temperature. To evaluate this experiment, a serious mistake is that a half process was wrong and result in waste of time and inaccuracy of following process. Moreover, the time of the practical (about 1 hour) is not sufficient. That may mainly result from that the heating process takes considerably time as the environment sustain the loss of heat. It took at least 15 minutes to heat water from 70Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ to 80Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ. Therefore, the experiment may be improved if the samples preparation time is shortened that a preheated 100Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ water bath may be necessary. In addition, the discs should not have left into tubes for long time and the stay time need exact calculation. Conclusion It can be concluded that temperature can have a substantial effect on membrane. Pigments of the samples in aqueous were released without control from the phospholipid bilayer. Higher temperature seems to increase permeability of membrane. The normal structure of membrane may alter after 60Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ãâ, involving protein denaturation.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Giles Corey was a successful farmer and an active member of the Salem church, but this reputable model citizen was not looked lightly upon when the word Ã¢â¬Å"witchÃ¢â¬ started floating around. In April of 1692, Ann Putnam, Jr., Mercy Lewis, and Abigail Williams pointed a scornful finger at Giles. Ann said that Corey supposedly came to her on the 13th of April and asked her to write in Ã¢â¬Å"the devilÃ¢â¬â¢s book.Ã¢â¬ She later said that a ghost came to her, asking to be avenged against his killer, Giles Corey. Corey and his wife, Martha were good friends of the Porter family. Being great enemies of the Porters, the Putnams saw the Coreys as enemies, and dead enemies seemed much safer than living enemies. Thus, a trial began so as to determine the Ã¢â¬Å"wickedÃ¢â¬ characteristics of the Coreys. For five long months, he waited in prison for word of his trial. When he was let out, several witnesses arrived, demanding proof against the Coreys. In light of his new Ã¢â¬Å"fan club,Ã¢â¬ he chose to refuse to stand trial. Without a trial, there was a greater chance that his sons-in-law got his farm instead of the government. On Monday, September 19, consequence came for his refusal to stand trial. The punishment was death by pressing, the use of large stones to crush a person to death. On his deathbed, he only begged the executioner to Ã¢â¬Å"use larger stones,Ã¢â¬ so that he may die quicker. He was refused this meager last wish. Corey's "tongue being prest out of his mouth, the Sheriff with his cane forced it in again, when he was dying," said Robert Calef, a reporter covering the event. It took two days for him to die, and he was buried in a lone patch of grass on Gallows Hill. At the age of 80, Corey chose to die with honor and grit, rather than allow himself to be made a fool of by begging for his life in a courtroom that he knew would never let him live.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Special education only began when parent-organized groups started advocating for disabled childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. Prior to this, disabled children were considered crippled, dump, mentally defective or feeble-minded, (J. E. Wallace Wallin, 1924). They were therefore excluded from education in public institutions. By 1975, more than half of disabled children were denied an opportunity to education. (William N. Myhill, 2004) However, during the 1950s and 1960s several parent-organized groups of advocacy emerged. Such groups included the American Association on Mental Deficiency, Muscular Dystrophy Association, and Mental Retardation Panel by John F.Kennedy among others. These groupsÃ¢â¬â¢ advocacy necessitated establishment of schools for children with disabilities, both at the local and state levels. The advocacy also led to stateÃ¢â¬â¢s concern for special education. Several legislations that aimed at development and implementation of programs for the needs of children with disa bilities and their families were also passed. In 1958, 1959 and 1961 three laws; PL 85-926, PL 86-158 and the Teachers of the Deaf Act, respectively were passed. These laws helped in the training of teachers who to work with the mentally disabled and the deaf.In 1965 the state also approved the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the State Schools Act. With these acts in place, states got access to grant funds for the education of children with disabilities (James J. Cremins, 1983). The United States Congress also approved the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA) in 1975. This law was to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their families. The law later became the legislative foundation through which special education received federal funding (James J. Cremins, 1983).In 1997 and 2004 the EHA was re-authored and renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), changing the procedures for disability identification and demanding for hig h standards of qualification for teachers of special education. IDEA advocated for a Free and Appropriate Education (FAPE) to every student. Court cases have also been vital in shaping of special education. For instance, the Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) challenged the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1971 for the exclusion of mentally handicapped from public schools.The courts ruled out this discrimination. This case extended into 1972, with a ruling that children with disabilities be given education irrespective of its cost following a case filled by Mills against the District of Columbia (William N. Myhill, 2004) In 1998, Honig filed a case against Doe when two students were suspended for disruptive conduct resulting from their disabilities. The court ruled that students could not be punished for a disability-related misbehavior. As well, three different cases; Diana v State Board of Education (1970), Hobson v Hansen (1967-1968) and the Larry P. Riles case filled in 1979, sort a ruling on disability tests. The court ruled out the use of IQ, culturally biased and language-biased tests whose use to place a student in special education class was common. Special education has undergone remarkable transition; from the time when disabled children were simply ignored to today when a good number of programs for these children have been developed (James J. Cremins, 1983). There are now numerous professionals who evaluate children with disabilities and place them into the best conditions for their learning.References James J. Cremins, (1983). Legal and Political Issues in Special Education4Ã¢â¬â5 J. E. Wallace Wallin, (1924). The Education of Handicapped Children Losen, Daniel J. & Orfield, Gary (2002), Introduction to Racial Inequality in Special Education. The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University: Harvard Education Press. William N. Myhill, (2004). No FAPE for Children with Disabilities in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program: Time to Redefine a Free Appropriate Public Education, 89 Iowa L. Rev. 1051, 1055
Friday, November 8, 2019
Genesis Structure The first book of the Old Testament, and subsequently the Bible, is Genesis and appropriately starts with the sentence, Ã¢â¬Å"This is the.Ã¢â¬ This is part of the Ã¢â¬Å"ToledothÃ¢â¬ formula. In Hebrew this phrase is Ã¢â¬Å"elleh tole dotÃ¢â¬ and it occurs eleven times in the Old Testament. This phrase also can be translated to mean: Ã¢â¬Å"these are the generationsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"this is the family historyÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"this is the account.Ã¢â¬ The Ã¢â¬Å"ToledothÃ¢â¬ formula sets up an interesting structure for the book of Genesis. It gives the book a prologue and then subdivides the book into ten subsequent sections; Adam, Noah, NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s Sons, Shem, Terah, Ishmael, Isaac, Esau, and Jacob; ending at the deaths of the aforementioned men. The next approach to structure of Genesis is done in two parts the Medieval History, Creation through Tower of Babel, and the account of Abraham and his family for four generations. The chapters of Abraham and his generations are referred to as the Patriarchal Narratives. Both of these divisions begin with a creation by the word of God. Still another division can be made between the Patriarchal Narratives and the story of Joseph. This distinction is made because it tells how one man, Joseph, brought the whole of AbrahamÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ descendents to the land of Egypt. Genre The genre of Genesis is pretty straightforward. It comes across a historical record of the distant past. However, many traditional non-Christian scholars believe it to be fictional. It is interesting that the narrative of Genesis carries the reader in an easy to read order from the creation to the sojourn to Egypt. It is interesting to note that there are no dramatic genre shifts from Genesis through the rest of the Pentateuch. The style of the book leaves to no doubt as to the intent of the author to provide a detailed, historical account of the beginning of the world to the displacement of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s chosen people to Egypt. Furthermore, ... Free Essays on Genesis Free Essays on Genesis Exegesis Genesis 3: 1-7 Exegesis-Genesis 3:1-7 Translation 1-The New International Version Rainbow Study Bible. The serpentÃ¢â¬â¢s deceit leads to the fall of Adam and Eve. 3. (1)Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, Ã¢â¬Å"Did God really say, Ã¢â¬ËYou must not eat from any tree in the gardenÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬ (2)The woman said to the serpent, Ã¢â¬Å"We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, (3)but God did say, Ã¢â¬ËYou must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (4)Ã¢â¬ You will not surely die,Ã¢â¬ the serpent said to the woman, (5)Ã¢â¬ For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.Ã¢â¬ (6)When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband , who was with her, and he ate it. (7)Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves. Translation 2-New King James Version 3. (1)Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, Ã¢â¬Å"Has God indeed said, Ã¢â¬ËYou shall not eat of every tree of the gardenÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬ (2)And the woman said to the serpent, Ã¢â¬Å"We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; (3)Ã¢â¬ but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, Ã¢â¬ËYou shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (4)Then the serpent said to the woman, Ã¢â¬Å"You will not surely die. (5)Ã¢â¬ For God knows that in the day you eat of it you eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.Ã¢â¬ (6)So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to th e eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she... Free Essays on Genesis Genesis Structure The first book of the Old Testament, and subsequently the Bible, is Genesis and appropriately starts with the sentence, Ã¢â¬Å"This is the.Ã¢â¬ This is part of the Ã¢â¬Å"ToledothÃ¢â¬ formula. In Hebrew this phrase is Ã¢â¬Å"elleh tole dotÃ¢â¬ and it occurs eleven times in the Old Testament. This phrase also can be translated to mean: Ã¢â¬Å"these are the generationsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"this is the family historyÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"this is the account.Ã¢â¬ The Ã¢â¬Å"ToledothÃ¢â¬ formula sets up an interesting structure for the book of Genesis. It gives the book a prologue and then subdivides the book into ten subsequent sections; Adam, Noah, NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s Sons, Shem, Terah, Ishmael, Isaac, Esau, and Jacob; ending at the deaths of the aforementioned men. The next approach to structure of Genesis is done in two parts the Medieval History, Creation through Tower of Babel, and the account of Abraham and his family for four generations. The chapters of Abraham and his generations are referred to as the Patriarchal Narratives. Both of these divisions begin with a creation by the word of God. Still another division can be made between the Patriarchal Narratives and the story of Joseph. This distinction is made because it tells how one man, Joseph, brought the whole of AbrahamÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ descendents to the land of Egypt. Genre The genre of Genesis is pretty straightforward. It comes across a historical record of the distant past. However, many traditional non-Christian scholars believe it to be fictional. It is interesting that the narrative of Genesis carries the reader in an easy to read order from the creation to the sojourn to Egypt. It is interesting to note that there are no dramatic genre shifts from Genesis through the rest of the Pentateuch. The style of the book leaves to no doubt as to the intent of the author to provide a detailed, historical account of the beginning of the world to the displacement of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s chosen people to Egypt. Furthermore, ...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Jollibee International Expansion Essay Example Jollibee International Expansion Paper Jollibee International Expansion Paper JOLIBEE CASE ANALYSIS Summary Jollibee, a fast food chain, based in Philippines was able to obtain a competitive advantage in its local market by keeping tight control over the operations and catering to the taste and appetite of the local people. With the success in the home country, the company then expanded its operations into other countries under the leadership of Tony Kitchner. When Noli Tingzon joined the company, it was at a critical point, where it began to revisit its strategies to expand its international operations and explore new markets. Advantages in the Filipino market JollibeeÃ¢â¬â¢s early strategy in the Philippines market was to concentrate on the taste of the burgers. The taste and the size of the JollibeeÃ¢â¬â¢s burgers were made for the Philippine market. The taste of their burger appealed to the local people. Jollibee entered the fast food business in 1977. When McDonald entered the Philippine market in 1981, Jollibee already had a brand name for itself. This gave the first mover advantage over McDonalds. MacDonald with its money power moved very quickly. JollibeeÃ¢â¬â¢s, having had some success with its burgers; start expanding quickly to compete with McDonalds. They build volume on the reputation they had earned before McDonalds entered their market. One more advantage Jollibee had in the Philippine market was that they were the local company. The people could associate themselves with the company. This was emphasized in 1983 when the political climate in the country became instable. Jollibee continued to expand where as McDonald slowed down its investment in this market. The subsequent rise in the nationalism and local pride helped Jollibee secure a dominant position in the Philippine market. International Expansion under Tony Kitchner When Tony Kitchner joined the company as the first head of the international division, Jollibee already had a few failed attempts to entry into international markets. Kitchner was very efficient in creating the international division and implementing his strategy. He was instrumental in getting partners with good market connection for Jollibee. This was one of the major problems for Jollibee in its initial shot at international expansion. Kitchner implemented a two-part international strategy which comprised of Ã¢â¬Å"targeting expatsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"planting the flag. Ã¢â¬ The idea behind the targeting expats was to ease the company into the unfamiliar market. Although the segment was very small, its success allowed the company to generate momentum for further expansion in the market. By targeting the niche market, Kitchner was trying to take advantage of the brand recognition in the home market. On the other hand, Ã¢â¬Å"plant the flagÃ¢â¬ proved to be a executed poorly. Kitchner wanted to create big organization under his leadership. In the haste to entry the markets quickly, Kitchner did not study the market thoroughly before entering it. Planting the flag did have competitive first mover advantage like the company found out in its local market. However, there is a need to study the market before entering it. The unprofitable venture in the Middle East could have been avoided has research been done prior to entering. Also, Kitchner neglected the high cost of establishing market in new countries. While Kitchner created the new division to higher international standard there was a growing distance between the local and the international division. The local team were looked down up on by the member in the international division. This did affect the day operational efficiency of the company. Kitchner could have taken some step to curb the growing distance between the two divisions. Future International expansion The undeveloped Papua Guinea market provides the best option to leverage the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s organizational skills. However, the country is not big enough to support 20 stores which the company thinks is critical mass for a new country. Even though the perspective partner was willing to invest all the money for the stores, Jollibee would have its brand value at risk if the stores donÃ¢â¬â¢t work. The profits being offered by the partner is uncertain and understandably low, the company would be better off staying away from this market. The fourth store in Hong Kong can give Jollibee the brand awareness to expand its operations in the country. This could be useful in attracting better partners. However given that the current stores were unable to attract Chinese customers as well as employees, the success of a fourth store is highly unlikely. It would be better for Jollibee to concentrate on improving the operations of the current store than opening a new one at this juncture. The Daly City is currently best opportunity for expansion for Jollibee. With a huge affluent Philippine population and relatively less competition prospects for the success of this store were bright. Also, like in Guam, California has a large population of Asian American which the company could target with changing the menu a lot.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Comparison and Contrast between Michelangelo and Picasso - Term Paper Example The paper "Comparison and Contrast between Michelangelo and Picasso" helps to understand the contrast between two artists: Michelangelo and Picasso. Michelangelo and Picasso are two of the most popular artists in the world who belong to two different periods. Michelangelo studied anatomy to attain the perfection in form which is manifested in many of his art works. He lived during the Renaissance period, the dawning of a new cultural movement, and had produced many works. Picasso was born during the 19th century and passed away just in the 20th century. He is one of the pioneers of an art form called Cubism. Having lived in the modern times, his form and style has the influence of modernism. Many would know him as a great painter who adorned the ceiling of the Sistene Chapel. He was multi-talented, and wanted to be an engineer, builder of churches and palaces, sculptor. His devotion to his art works can be considered as extreme. While sculpting the statue for Julio II, he slept with his working clothes and boots that caused his legs to swell and had to be cut together with his flesh. He is very proud of this family and blood lineage, and his family devotion can be compared to that of a religion. Although his family had wealth, he would live and eat as if impoverished that his father warned him to take care of his health. Michelangelo received apprenticeship in art early in life. He first studied literature but later shifted to the study of the arts, and at 13 years old apprenticed under to Domenico Ghirlandaio. for three years (Michelangelo par. 1). Domenico was highly impressed with the performance of Michelangelo, and thus recommended him for tutorship under Lorenzo the Magnificent (par. 1). When he later frequented the San Marcos of Lorenze where antique statues are found, he met Pico della Mirandola (par. 1). He then studied sculptor under DonatelloÃ¢â¬â¢s disciple, Bertoldo (par. 1). He sculpted two famous works, Ã¢â¬Å"The Virgin on the StairsÃ¢â¬ an d Ã¢â¬Å"The Battle of the CentaursÃ¢â¬ (par. 2). He would make study drawings before sculpting the medium (Michelangelo par. 2). Although he made earlier works, such as those from Giotto and Masaccio, as his models, his art works manifested more idealism and strong vision (par.2). In 1494, he met Aldrovandi when he moved to Bologna, and sculpted for him Ã¢â¬Å"AngelÃ¢â¬ for Noah`s Ark in Santo Domingo (Michelangelo par. 2). He completed the unfinished works of the early Renaissance sculptor Niccolo dell'Arca (par. 2). Going to Rome, he initially made the sculpture Ã¢â¬Å"Young BacchusÃ¢â¬ (par. 2). He traveled between Florence (due to nostalgic predisposition) and Rome a number of times (par. 2). In 1501, while in Rome, banker Jacopo Galloi purchased his painting Ã¢â¬Å"Young BacchusÃ¢â¬ which Cardinal S. Dionigi commissioned Michelangelo to do (par. 2). His objects traversed between profanity and sacredness which duality is manifested in his works Ã¢â¬Å"BacchusÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The CentaursÃ¢â¬ on the one hand, and the Ã¢â¬Å"PietaÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Virgin of the StairsÃ¢â¬ on the other (par. 2). He did Ã¢â¬Å"PietaÃ¢â¬ (the only one that he affixed his signature) in 1498 from the request of French Cardinal Jean de Lagraulas (par. 2). Back in Florence (between 1501 and 1504), Michelangelo met Leonardo da Vinci where he got some inspiration (par. 2). He was not inclined to scientific inquiry like Leonardo but engaged in the study of
Friday, November 1, 2019
Public health core function - Research Paper Example In order to monitor, information regarding health issues and causes for having health hazardous elements is gathered. Agency is responsible for collecting the data on regular basis to find out the current pattern of illness and share the collective knowledge with the upper authorities so that appropriate measures can be taken to prevent the health hazardous elements (FDNU, 2011). State Health Departments have developed a system to collect the information and process it from individual who are suffering from HIV/AIDS and also monitors the pattern divided demographically. The information is kept very confidentially and is processed with confidentiality to plan accordingly to prevent the disease in the local community (NASTAD, 2007). State Health Departments ensures the development of policies in regard to prevent the spread of this disease. The departments also monitor different policies and ensure the adequate monitoring of such policies. Most of the developed policies are to prevent the elements which cause this disease and also make it sure that individuals suffering from such diseases are able to avail the proper treatment (FDNU, 2011). State Public Health departments also make it sure that local government is also supporting their steps to implement different policies like partner notification program and also to protect the confidentiality of individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS . Policies include many different programs like to educate the people of every age so that they can take the precautionary measures; by this the departments are able to provide better services even without the duplication of hard work. More policies are to be developed to prevent this disease from spreading like to create awareness (FDNU, 2011). State Public Health departments also supports in terms of monetary and financially to education programs that